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Civic Skinny

A murky formula for athletes’ graduation rates.
‘No impropriety’ in Rosen’s resignation from ACLU.

7/6/2016

 

 

 

The six-year graduation success rate for basketball players who entered Iowa State University in 2008 was 75 percent. That’s pretty impressive. Except the actual graduation rate was 6 percent.

The graduation success rate for basketball players at the University of Iowa in that same class was an even more impressive 100 percent. Except the graduation rate was really 30 percent.

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And the graduation success rate for Drake University basketball players in that class was 80 percent. Except the graduation rate was truly 40 percent.

It turns out you have to listen very carefully when folks at Division I schools talk about — and boast about — the graduation rates of their athletes. For the National Collegiate Athletic Association, worried about the low actual graduation rates of athletes, lets universities calculate “graduation rates” differently from the way the rates are calculated for non-athletes.

As the basketball-player figures show, the difference can be huge.

The NCAA rate — developed to mask the lack of academic success of some athletes — is cynically named the “graduation success rate.”

“Graduation rates of college athletes, especially those who played football and men’s basketball, [had become] embarrassingly low at far too many schools [when using] the same equation that the federal government traditionally used to calculate the annual graduation rate of America’s four-year universities,” Joe Nocera, a New York Times sports-writer, writes in “Indentured,” a new book about the NCAA.

So a few years ago, “the NCAA simply changed the criteria.”

The formula for fixing graduation rates is set by the federal government. It’s quite simple: It takes the number of incoming freshmen at a school and then calculates how many of them graduate from that school within six years.

The NCAA “success rate” also takes the number of incoming freshmen, calculates how many of them graduate within six years — but then eliminates from the equation every athlete who dropped out without graduating so long as the athlete was in good academic standing. Athletes who drop out to enter the draft, to take a job, to marry a girlfriend, to try another school, to join the Marines — all are basically considered never to have enrolled.

Example: If 10 students enroll, five go on to graduate and five drop out, the federal graduation rate is 50 percent. But if those are athletes, the “graduation success rate” is 100 percent. The dropouts aren’t counted if they were in good academic standing when they left. (And if an athlete transfers to a new school and actually graduates, that school gets credit for her in its “graduation success rate.”)

So Brady Ernst, the Iowa State freshman basketball player who this spring said he is transferring, will always be assumed never to have been at Iowa State, in the eyes of the NCAA. Same with Royce White, who left Iowa State as a sophomore in 2012 to enter the NBA draft. If Iowa football star Desmond King had opted for the NFL draft after last season — as he was considering — he would have been considered a non-person at Iowa, by NCAA definition.

Which rate to use can have big financial implications for some coaches. Kirk Ferentz’ contract at the University of Iowa guarantees the coach a bonus of $100,000 “if the student-athletes on the University of Iowa football team achieve an annual graduation rate of over 70 percent.” In the latest year, the graduation rate was 56 percent, but the “graduation success rate” was 71 percent, according to NCAA figures.

Which number counts for Ferentz? A spokesman for the Board of Regents says the contract refers to the federal graduation rate. So no bonus for the coach.

Iowa State’s football numbers for the latest year: 65 percent “success” rate, 45 percent graduation rate.

At Iowa and Iowa State, only two groups of athletes entering in 2008 — the latest year for which six-year statistics are available — had real graduation rates as high as the NCAA-calculated “graduation success rates.” The men’s golf team at Iowa and the women’s gymnastics team at Iowa State each had 100 percent rates in both categories.

Overall, the graduation rate for athletes at the University of Iowa was 74 percent for that entering class of 2008. But the “graduation success rate” was 89 percent, according to the NCAA. At Iowa State, the overall rate for athletes was 62 percent. The “graduation success rate” was 80 percent.

The two big Iowa universities are usually precise in saying “graduation success rate” when talking about athletes, but they rarely define that and a person could easily infer that a graduation success rate is the same as a graduation rate. And sometimes the schools themselves seem to get the rates confused.

A 2010 Board of Regents Annual Report talked about a “student-athlete graduation rate” at Iowa State University of 79 percent. In fact, that was the “graduation success rate.” The real rate — the one the federal government uses — was 65 percent. …

The seemingly sudden resignation last week of Jeremy Rosen as head of the Iowa branch of the American Civil Liberties Union seemed strange — and raised some questions. But there was nothing sinister about it, says a guy who was involved.

“The issue was just simply that the position wasn’t a good fit, and that’s why he is no longer there,” he says. “I want to head off any questions about impropriety or bad behavior or anything of the sort. Nothing like that was ever an issue. Because the job wasn’t a good fit, the departure had been worked on for some time. The only thing that was abrupt was Jeremy’s announcement on his Facebook page, which created a reasonable assumption that there were far worse things at play than there actually were.”

Rosen, who had been in the job 18 months, told his Facebook friends that “Folks, some difficult news to report — Thursday will be my last day at the ACLU of Iowa….I won’t be writing publicly on here about any reasons related to my departure….”

“He mangled the rollout,” the guy told Cityview, “and that’s come at some expense to his reputation, but there really was nothing behind the curtain about it.” CV

Polk County salaries

Medical examiner Gregory Schmunk remains the highest-paid employee of Polk County, with a salary of $245,850 for the fiscal year that started July 1. That’s up 3 percent from the $238,689 he was paid last year.

This year, there’s a second employee topping $200,000. With his 3 percent raise, County Manager Mark Wandro will earn $200,685, according to the salary schedule approved last week by the county supervisors. Last year he made $194,840.

Wandro’s bosses, the five supervisors, will earn far less: $112,076 this fiscal year, up from $107,076. That $5,000 raise works out to 4.7 percent.

Almost every county employee got a 3 percent raise, unless the employee is still on a schedule that has annual step increases to reach a maximum in a bracket.

In all, 102 of the county’s 1,237 fulltime employees will earn more than $100,000 this year. That compares with 92 of 1,191 last year.

Thirty-six of those high earners are in the office of the county attorney. The county attorney himself, John Sarcone, will earn $189,700, making him the third-highest paid county employee. Six of his deputies — Nan Horvat, Roger Kuhle, Jeffrey Noble, Frank Severino, Dan Voogt and James Ward — will earn $161,245. Horvat is the highest-paid woman on the county payroll.

With 467 employees, the sheriff’s department is the largest employer in county government. And, with a salary of $157,851, Sheriff Bill McCarthy is the second-highest-paid elected official — behind Sarcone.

Of the other elected officials, auditor Jamie Fitzgerald and treasurer Mary Maloney each make $112,597. Recorder Julie Haggerty is paid $112,076.

The county also has 216 part-time employees whose hourly rates range from $9.25 to $40.35. CV

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